Psychologie Lexikon der Argumente

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Kevin M. Williams über Narzissmus – Lexikon der Argumente

Corr II 246
Narcissism/Dark Triad Traits/Personality Traits/Paulhus/Williams/Zeigler-Hill/Marcus: Narcissism refers to exaggerated feelings of grandiosity, vanity, self-absorption and entitlement (e.g., Morf & Rhodewalt, 2001)(1). (…) the Dark Triad literature has focused almost exclusively on the subclinical manifestation of narcissism that considers it to be a normally distributed personality trait in the general population. Narcissism is considered a ‘dark’ personality trait because it interferes with various aspects of interpersonal functioning and contributes to a range of negative social outcomes (e.g., Dowgwillo et al., 2016)(2).
II 247
(…) the most frequently used instrument for measuring narcissism is the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI; Raskin & Hall, 1979(3), 1981(4)). There are multiple versions of the NPI but the most popular consists of 40 items that are presented in a forced-choice format such that respondents must best describe themselves using either a narcissistic statement (e.g., ‘I like to be the center of attention’) or a non-narcissistic statement (e.g., ‘I prefer to blend in with the crowd’).
Despite the multidimensional nature of the NPI, most studies concerning the Dark Triad have focused exclusively on the overall composite NPI score rather than distinguishing among the subscales of the NPI. Although the use of a composite score for the NPI simplifies the presentation of results, neglecting the specific factors may be problematic due to the differences among those factors.

1. Morf, C. C., & Rhodewalt, F. (2001). Expanding the dynamic self-regulatory processing model of narcissism: Research directions for the future. Psychological Inquiry, 12,243—251.
2. Dowgwillo, E. A., Dawood, S., & Pincus, A. L. (2016). The dark side of narcissism. In V. Zeigler-Hill & D. K. Marcus (Eds.), The dark side of personality: Science and practice in social, personality, and clinical psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
3. Raskin, R., & Hall, C. S. (1979). A Narcissistic Personality Inventory. Psychological Reports, 45, 590.
4. Raskin, R., & Hall, C. S. (1981). The narcissistic personality inventory: Alternate form reliability and further evidence of construct validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 45, 159—162.

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Marcus, David K.: “The Dark Side of Personality Revisiting Paulhus and Williams (2002)”, In: Philip J. Corr (Ed.) 2018. Personality and Individual Differences. Revisiting the classical studies. Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne: Sage, pp. 245-262.

Zeichenerklärung: Römische Ziffern geben die Quelle an, arabische Ziffern die Seitenzahl. Die entsprechenden Titel sind rechts unter Metadaten angegeben. ((s)…): Kommentar des Einsenders. Übersetzungen: Lexikon der Argumente
Der Hinweis [Begriff/Autor], [Autor1]Vs[Autor2] bzw. [Autor]Vs[Begriff] bzw. "Problem:"/"Lösung", "alt:"/"neu:" und "These:" ist eine Hinzufügung des Lexikons der Argumente.

WilliamsB I
Bernard Williams
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy London 2011

WilliamsM I
Michael Williams
Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology Oxford 2001

WilliamsM II
Michael Williams
"Do We (Epistemologists) Need A Theory of Truth?", Philosophical Topics, 14 (1986) pp. 223-42
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich Aldershot 1994

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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