Psychologie Lexikon der Argumente

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Kevin M. Williams über Psychopathie – Lexikon der Argumente

Corr II 247
Psychopathy/Dark Triad Traits/Personality Traits/Paulhus/Williams/Zeigler-Hill/Marcus: Psychopathy is considered the most malevolent of the Dark Triad traits (Furnham, Richards, & Paulhus, 2013(1); Muris, Merckelbach, Otgaar, & Meijer, 2017(2)). Although there is controversy regarding the nature and essential components of psychopathy, there is general agreement that psychopathy includes ‘certain key affective (e.g. remorselessness), interpersonal (e.g. superficial charm), and behavioral (e.g. irresponsibility) features, oftentimes in conjunction with considerable antisocial conduct’ (Edens & McDermott, 2010, p.32(3)).
II 248
There are various difficulties associated with the measurement of psychopathy because individuals with high levels of psychopathy are deceitful, may have an incentive to misrepresent their psychopathic traits, and often lack insight into their own personalities (Lilienfeld & Fowler, 2006(4)). In response to these challenges, Hare developed the Psychopathy Checklist (PCL; Hare, 1980(5)) and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003(6)). The PCL and the PCL-R are clinician-rating scales that are scored based on a semi-structured interview that is performed in conjunction with a file review. [However, this checklist] did not include the items that focused on positive adjustment. [Moreover] the PCL-R is not ideal for studying subclinical manifestations of psychopathy, which are the focus of most studies concerning the Dark Triad. Instead, Dark Triad researchers have often used the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale-Ill (SRP-III; Paulhus, Hemphill, & Hare, 2009(7)), which is based on the PCL-R.
[O]ne of the most influential recent approaches to understanding psychopathy [is a] triarchic conceptualization of [a trait] (Patrick, Fowles, & Krueger, 2009(8)). This model posits that prototypical psychopathy consists of a combination of disinhibition, meanness and boldness.

1. Furnham, A., Richards, S. C., & Paulhus, D. L. (2013). The Dark Triad of personality: A 10 year review. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 199—2 16.
2. Muris, P., Merckelbach, H., Otgaar, H., & Meijer, E. (2017). The malevolent side of human nature: A meta-analysis and critical review of the literature on the Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12, 183—204.
3. Edens, J. F., & McDermott, B. E. (2010). Examining the construct validity of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised: Preferential correlates of fearless dominance and self-centered impulsivity. Psychological Assessment, 22, 3 2—42.
4. Lilienfeld, S. O., & Fowler, K. A. (2006). The self-report assessment of psychopathy: Problems, pitfalls, and promises. In C.J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press.
5. Hare, R. D. (1980). A research scale for the assessment of psychopathy in criminal populations. Personality and Individual Differences, 1, 111—117.
6. Hare, R. D. (2003). Manual for the Revised Psychopathy Checklist (2nd ed.). Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems.
7. Pauthus, D. L., Hemphill, J. F., & Hare, R. D. (2009). Self-report psychopathy scale (SRP-III). Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems.
8. Patrick, C. J., Fowles, D. C., & Krueger, R. F. (2009). Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy: Developmental origins of disinhibition, boldness, and meanness. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 9 13—938.

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Marcus, David K.: “The Dark Side of Personality Revisiting Paulhus and Williams (2002)”, In: Philip J. Corr (Ed.) 2018. Personality and Individual Differences. Revisiting the classical studies. Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne: Sage, pp. 245-262.

Zeichenerklärung: Römische Ziffern geben die Quelle an, arabische Ziffern die Seitenzahl. Die entsprechenden Titel sind rechts unter Metadaten angegeben. ((s)…): Kommentar des Einsenders. Übersetzungen: Lexikon der Argumente
Der Hinweis [Begriff/Autor], [Autor1]Vs[Autor2] bzw. [Autor]Vs[Begriff] bzw. "Problem:"/"Lösung", "alt:"/"neu:" und "These:" ist eine Hinzufügung des Lexikons der Argumente.

WilliamsB I
Bernard Williams
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy London 2011

WilliamsM I
Michael Williams
Problems of Knowledge: A Critical Introduction to Epistemology Oxford 2001

WilliamsM II
Michael Williams
"Do We (Epistemologists) Need A Theory of Truth?", Philosophical Topics, 14 (1986) pp. 223-42
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich Aldershot 1994

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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